Illinois Historical Markers by County

County Name Location Latitude Longitude Erected Re-Dedicated Erected By Description
Coles Charleston Riot, The The marker is located in Charleston on the southeast corner of the County Courthouse on the Public Square at the intersection of Seventh and Jackson. 39 29.680 -088 10.487 1977 Coles County Historical Society and The Illinois State Historical Society On March 28, 1864, a gunfight erupted here between Union soldiers and Civil War opponents known as 'Copperheads.' In eastern Illinois, many Democrats were pro-southern while the Republicans were uniformly pro-Union. Disturbances had occurred earlier in the area, and Copperheads had been killed in Mattoon and Paris. In March, 1863, at Charleston there had been a highly controversial trial of Union deserters. On the day of the riot a large crowd had gathered here for a Democratic rally. Union soldiers were in town on leave. Drinking and fighting led to gunfire. Nine men killed and twelve wounded before troops arrived from Mattoon and quelled the disturbance.
Coles Confederate Operatives in Mattoon At the intersection of Western Avenue and US-45 (Il-121) Mattoon, IL 39 48273 -088 37827 0/0/0000 The City of Mattoon The Mattoon Community Trust The Mattoon Chamber of Commerce Intrepid Consulting Services, Inc. The Illinois State Historical Society September 2014 Draft ISHS Commemorative Marker Text Confederate Operatives in Mattoon With the fortunes of conventional warfare turning rapidly against the Confederate States of America in early 1864, the Confederate government chose to embark on a formal campaign of behind-the-lines insurrection, subversion and sabotage in the North. The Confederates opted to employ Toronto-based military personnel and pro-Southern sympathizers in the North known as Copperheads to achieve their aims. Their objectives included the release rebel prisoners of war to create a Confederate Army of the North for traditional military operations, to take over state governments and undertake destructive operations that would hinder the Union war effort. Although encompassing activities along the entire Canadian frontier, the states of Illinois, Indiana and Ohio were the focus of this campaign which became known as the Northwest Conspiracy. In September of 1864, after the failed Chicago Revolt operation during the Democratic Party's National Convention, special operators of the Confederate Canadian Squadron, under the command of Captain Thomas Henry Hines and his colleague Captain John B. Castleman withdrew to Mattoon and Marshall, Illinois. The Canadian Squadron operators in central Illinois were Confederate officers, former cavalrymen and escaped prisoners of war recruited by Hines to conduct clandestine operations within the region. While based in Mattoon and Marshall, Hines and his men conducted numerous successful clandestine missions, including the destruction of federal warehouses in Mattoon and river steamers on the St. Louis waterfront. The Canadian Squadron's activities provided covert tactical concepts adhered to by the United States Office of Strategic Services during World War II and the OSS's successor, the U.S. Central Intelligence Agency.
Coles Home of Dr. Hiram Rutherford The marker is located in the town of Oakland on the lawn of the Rutherford home on the northeast corner of Il. Rt. 133 and Walnut Street. 39 39.252 -088 01.634 1972 Oakland Landmarks, Inc. and The Illinois State Historical Society This was the home of Dr. Hiram Rutherford, who was involved in 1847 in a case in which Abraham Lincoln represented a slaveholder. Rutherford and Gideon Ashmore harbored a family of slaves who had sought their help. The slaves belonged to Robert Matson, a Kentuckian who had brought them north to work on his farm. While the slaves were being sheltered in Ashmore's tavern, Matson obtained a court order to have the slaves jailed. Rutherford and Ashmore sued out a writ of habeas corpus for their release. Matson then hired Lincoln. The Circuit Court, after a hearing, freed the slaves.
Coles Last Lincoln Farm, The The marker is located south of Charleston at the west entrance to the Lincoln Log Cabin State Park on County Road 1668. 39 22.812 -088 12.567 1934 State of Illinois In 1837, Thomas Lincoln erected a cabin on a tract of land situated one-half mile to the east. Here he resided until his death in 1851. Abraham Lincoln visited here frequently, and after 1841 held title to forty acres of land on which his parents lived. The State of Illinois now owns most of the Lincoln farm.
Coles Lincoln Farm 1831-1834 The marker is located southwest of Charleston, on the north side of Coles County 3399 N (Lincoln Heritage Road), one half mile east of Meadow View Golf Course. 39 25.229 -088 20.747 1934 State of Illinois From 1831 to 1834 Thomas and Sarah Lincoln, father and stepmother of Abraham Lincoln, lived in a cabin which stood a short distance to the north. It was their first home in Coles County, and their second home in Illinois.
Coles Lincoln Farm 1834-1837 The marker is located one mile southwest of Lerna, on the north side of Lincoln Highway Road, one-fourth mile east of the railroad. 39 24.294 -088 18.230 1934 State of Illinois In 1834 Thomas Lincoln purchased 40 acres situated about 400 yards north and east of this point. Here, with his wife Sarah, he lived until 1837, when he sold the land. It was his second home in Coles County.
Coles Lincoln-Douglas Debate The marker is located in Charleston, on the east side of Coles County Fairgrounds, near the Lincoln-Douglas Debate sculpture at the Visitor's Information Center. 39 29.796 -088 11.218 1935 State of Illinois On September 18, 1858, the fourth of the famous joint debates between Abraham Lincoln and Stephen A. Douglas was held approximately one-quarter mile south of here. Twelve thousand people heard the two candidates for the United States Senatorship discuss the question of slavery in American politics.
Coles Moore House The marker is located southwest of Charleston in the community of Campbell, on the west side of Lincoln Highway. It is located on the grounds of the Moore House Historical Site. 39 23.753 -088 12.667 1955 The Illinois State Historical Society Here on January 31, 1861 President-elect Abraham Lincoln visited his stepmother Mrs. Sarah Bush Lincoln and her daughter Mrs. Reuben Moore (Matilda Johnston). This was his last visit to Coles County before leaving Illinois for his inauguration. Mrs. Lincoln returned with him to Charleston that night and their farewells were said the next morning.
Coles Shiloh Cemetery The marker is located about 1.5 miles southwest of Campbell and 1.5 miles northwest of Lincoln Log Cabin State Park at the entrance to Shiloh Cemetery, which is on the east of side Lincoln Highway (County Road 80). The marker is just west of the Church. 39 23.247 -088 14.201 1934 State of Illinois In Shiloh Cemetery are the graves of Thomas and Sarah Lincoln, father and stepmother of Abraham Lincoln. On January 31, 1861, shortly before assuming the Presidency, Lincoln came here from Springfield to visit his father's grave in company of his stepmother.
Coles Site of the Lincoln Cabin The marker is located in the extreme southern part of Lincoln Log Cabin State Park, facing south on the north side of County Road 30N. 39 22.725 -088 12.144 1934 State of Illinois The Lincoln Cabin stood approximately 200 feet north of this point.
Coles Ulysses S. Grant in Mattoon The marker is located in Mattoon, near the Amtrak Station, at the intersection of 17th Street and Broadway. 39 28.951 -088 22.526 1968 City of Mattoon and The Illinois State Historical Society On May 15, 1861, Ulysses S. Grant mustered in the seventh district regiment in Mattoon. As recruiting officer, Grant had neither uniform nor commission. A month later, as a colonel, Grant took command of the group, renamed the 21st Illinois Volunteer Infantry Regiment. Of the 1,250 original enlistees, 603 marched with Grant into battle.

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